Advantages of reservation system in India
Reservation initially was proposed by Indian government to uplift the Social and economic position of Hindu minority communities namely Scheduled Tribe (ST), Scheduled Caste (SC) and Other Backward Caste (OBC). According to the Reservation Policy people falling under above categories are subjected to reservation and will be given some fixed percentage of seats in government institutions, lowered cut-off marks in entrance exams, lesser price to fill forms for education and job.This was supposed to upraise the status of minorities in our country and to a certain level it has achieved its desired goal.
Advantages of Reservation:
Minorities have suffered for a very long time.Discrimination on the basis of caste was at its peak that is when government decided to imply Reservation Policy. There’s been increase in number of people working in government offices under Class A,B,C,D. more number of ST,SC students are enrolled for studying in government institution. Today, minorities are no more minorities in true sense.
Sense of Belonging
These communities were deprived of the social rights and never were considered while making a sound decision. Now they are equally important and gets representation in varied events and decision making that makes them look the part of one large country.
Meritocracy- Not Possible?
Reservation tend to contradict Meritocracy which can be taken as a Disadvantage of Reservation in India. If seats are reserved for certain group of people to a certain post how can it validate Meritocracy? It cannot. For meritocracy to happen first there should be equality. If two groups are not on the same platform or level how can they compete? That’s not possible and so does Meritocracy. Because firstly we should bring them in equal level to compete with them and then only selection on the basis of merit only and no Reservation would make true sense.
This definitely has bridged the gap between forward and backward castes. Its lowed down the growth of forwards getting richer and richer and backward going poorer. It kind of helped maintaining balance in the country.
Inspired people to take stand
Implication of Reservation policy in India has helped learning Backward castes and others too that they can fight for the justice,for their rights. Violation of Human Rights can't be compromised and one should take stand for their own good and for the betterment of country.
People are even opting for open competition other than the reserved quota that shows they are not afraid to take up a fair meritorious competition.
This reservation policy was proposed for ten years to improve the social and economic condition of Backward Communities in India. And the right step taken for their betterment has improved their condition quite nicely. But, its effects on forwards will be interesting to read. Has it brought any disadvantages to them? To know that, you can go through Disadvantages of Reservation system in India.